SUBTERRANEAN GRAVE COMPLEXES AT KORAKONERO
Outside the boundary of the ancient city, on the southeast side of the town of Rhodes, stretch the ancient cemeteries. One of the most important is the group of burial complexes at Korakonero, dating to late Hellenistic and Roman times. Over this period a great variety can be seen in the funerary architecture. The tombs, which as a rule are cut into the soft poros rock, are either cist graves or, in the case of the more luxurious ones, consist of subterranean chambers with architectural fronts (arched colonnades or columns supporting architraves with metopes and triglyphs mimicking the temple facades). Within them the dead were placed in cists cut into the walls of the chambers. It is not known whether these complexes belonged to wealthy families or to religious groups. The area was originally used for a quarry.
The grave complexes were discovered and restored by the Italian Archaeological School before the end of the 2nd World War. The altars and stelai were found in situ and erected by the Italians, probably correctly, on the bases on top of the subterranean burial chambers.
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